Melanthera nivea

snow squarestem, salt & pepper

Asteraceae (Compositae)

wildlife plant

Use this link to get more info about this plant from the USF Institute for Systematic Botany

Plant Specifics

Form: flower
Life Span: long-lived perennial
Size: Height: 2-5 ft    Width: 2-4 ft
Flower Color: flower color      white
Phenology: winter dormant
Noted for: Showy flowers


Recommended Uses: Use in a butterfly garden or informal wildflower garden.
Considerations: Can get rangy and may need pruning. Reseeds, so plant it where that's not a problem.
Propagation: Seed.
Availability: Seed
Light: light requirement   light requirement  
Moisture Tolerance:
Salt Tolerance: Moderately salt tolerant
Soil or other substrate: Sand, loam, lime rock
Soil pH Range: adaptable


wildlife plant  
Heavily used by butterflies, skippers, bees, and wasps for nectar.
Native Habitats: Edges of upland hardwood forests, hydric hammocks, maritime hammocks, pine flatwoods, pine-oak-hickory woods, calcareous hammocks, coastal hammocks, open areas.

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range in Florida

USDA Zones:

USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures

Suitable to grow in:

Other Comments:

Although it has square stems and opposite leaves like members of the mint family (Lamiaceae), this is a member of the daisy family, but it has no ray florets that look like petals. All the florets in the flower head are fertile.