Cliftonia monophylla

black titi, spring titi, buckwheat-tree


wildlife plant

Use this link to get more info about this plant from the USF Institute for Systematic Botany

Plant Specifics

Form: tree
Life Span: long-lived perennial
Size: Height: 10-20 ft    Width: 10-20 ft
Flower Color: flower color      white
Fruit Color: fruit color      black
Phenology: evergreen
Noted for: Showy flowers


Recommended Uses: Hedge in wet sites, pond borders. Good for a small thicket. Grow as a small tree or large shrub.
Propagation: Seed.
Availability: Seed
Light: light requirement   light requirement  
Moisture Tolerance:
Salt Tolerance: Not salt tolerant
Soil or other substrate: Sand, loam, organic material (muck)
Soil pH Range: Acidic


wildlife plant  
Browsed by deer.
Native Habitats: Hydric flatwoods, seep swamps, sloughs, stream banks, bogs, wiregrass savannas.

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range in Florida

USDA Zones:

USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures

Suitable to grow in: