Baccharis halimifolia

groundsel tree, sea myrtle, salt bush

Asteraceae (Compositae)

wildlife plant   wildlife plant

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Use this link to get more info about this plant from the USF Institute for Systematic Botany

Plant Specifics

Form: shrub
Life Span: long-lived perennial
Size: Height: 7-15 ft    Width: 5-7 ft
Flower Color: flower color   flower color      white,yellow
Fruit Color: fruit color      white
Phenology: deciduous,evergreen
Noted for: Showy fruits


Recommended Uses: Specimen plant in casual settings. Also useful as a natural screen or buffer plant. The fruits can provide a white haze for several weeks in the fall. The primary horticultural feature is the silvery, plume-like achenes which appear in the fall on female plants.
Considerations: Weak wood. Seed is wind disbursed and may become weedy.
Propagation: Seed. Salt bush is dioecious, that is, both a male and female plant are necessary for seed production - the photos at left show both the male (cream to yellow) and female (cream) flowers. The female flowers rapidly mature into bright, white tufted fruits making the plant showy for several weeks. This plant readily self Texas, it is a range pest. In eastern Canada, it is a very rare (listed) species.
Availability: Native nurseries, Seed, Friends
Light: light requirement  
Moisture Tolerance:
Salt Tolerance: Moderately salt tolerant
Soil or other substrate: Sand, loam
Soil pH Range: 5.5 - 7.8


wildlife plant   wildlife plant  
Attracts various pollinators. Seed are eaten by small birds and other wildlife.
Native Habitats: Coastal uplands and disturbed moist inland area.

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range in Florida

USDA Zones:

USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures

Suitable to grow in:

Other Comments:

This species is under-used as the fruits during the fall add substantial interest to a casual garden. One of the few true shrubs in the aster family. Dioecious, with male and female flowers on different plants.