Zanthoxylum clava-herculis



wildlife plant   wildlife plant   wildlife plant   wildlife plant

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Use this link to get more info about this plant from the USF Institute for Systematic Botany

Plant Specifics

Form: tree
Life Span: long-lived perennial
Size: Height: 10 to 25 (50) ft    Width: 10-25 ft
Flower Color: flower color      white
Fruit Color: fruit color      yellow
Phenology: deciduous
Noted for: Showy flowers, thorns, interesting foliage, interesting bark


Recommended Uses: Specimen tree.
Considerations: Quite thorny.
Propagation: Seed.
Availability: Native nurseries, Seed
Light: light requirement   light requirement  
Moisture Tolerance:
Salt Tolerance: Highly salt tolerant
Soil or other substrate: Sand, clay, loam


wildlife plant   wildlife plant   wildlife plant   wildlife plant  
Larval host for Giant Swallowtail (Papilio cresphontes). Birds and other wildlife eat the fruit.
Native Habitats: Hammocks, wet woods, dunes, shell middens.

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range in Florida

USDA Zones:

USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures

Suitable to grow in:


The bitter aromatic bark was used for toothaches.