Uniola paniculata

sea oats

Poaceae (Gramineae)

wildlife plant   wildlife plant  


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Use this link to get more info about this plant from the USF Institute for Systematic Botany

Plant Specifics

Form: grass
Life Span: long-lived perennial
Size: Height: 4 - 6 ft    Width: wide-spreading
Flower Color: flower color      yellow
Fruit Color: fruit color      brown
Phenology: winter dormant
Noted for: Showy fruits, hurricane wind resistance


Recommended Uses: Specimen plant. Mass plantings on beach dunes for stabilization. Seed heads useful in dried arrangements.
Considerations: Spreads aggressively via rhizomes.
Propagation: Seed, division, root cuttings..
Availability: Native nurseries, FNPS plant sales, Seed
Light: light requirement  
Moisture Tolerance:
Salt Tolerance: Highly salt tolerant
Soil or other substrate: Sand
Soil pH Range: mostly neutral


wildlife plant   wildlife plant  
Birds and other wildlife eat the seeds.
Native Habitats: Beach dunes, coastal grasslands.

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range in Florida

USDA Zones:

USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures

Suitable to grow in:


This plant is used heavily for dune stabilization. It is illegal to dig it up in Florida due to its important role in protecting the dunes.

Other Comments:

This is a protected plant as it is of major importance to the stabilization of beach dunes.