Ulmus americana

American elm


Synonyms:  Ulmus floridana

wildlife plant   wildlife plant   wildlife plant   wildlife plant  


FNPS provides this link to assist users in finding sources for native plants. In doing so, FNPS is not attesting to the accuracy of any information on the FANN webite. Some members of FANN may provide services that do not further the FNPS mission, and this link should not be considered to be an endorsement of any specific nursery, services that it provides that do not support the FNPS mission, or the quality of its products or services.


Use this link to get more info about this plant from the USF Institute for Systematic Botany

Plant Specifics

Form: tree
Life Span: long-lived perennial
Size: Height: 60-80 ft    Width: 20-40 ft
Flower Color: flower color      green,NA
Fruit Color: fruit color      brown,NA
Phenology: deciduous
Noted for: Fall color, interesting foliage


Recommended Uses: Shade tree, formerly used as a street tree noted for its spreading urn-shaped crown. Tolerant of root disturbance.
Considerations: Susceptible to Dutch elm disease.
Propagation: Seed or cuttings.
Availability: Quality nurseries, Native nurseries
Light: light requirement   light requirement  
Moisture Tolerance:
Salt Tolerance: Not salt tolerant
Soil or other substrate: Sand, clay, loam
Soil pH Range: circum-neutral


wildlife plant   wildlife plant   wildlife plant   wildlife plant  
Seeds used by birds in spring when little else is available. Used for nesting. Larval host for: Eastern Comma (Polygonia comma), Question Mark (Polygonia interrogationis), Painted Lady (Vanessa cardui)
Native Habitats: Floodplain forest, wet mesic forests, hardwood swamps.

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range in Florida

USDA Zones:

USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures

Suitable to grow in:

Other Comments:

This tree is subject to Dutch elm disease. While not as much a problem in Florida as further north, it should be a concern for anyone planning to use this species in a landscape setting. In most of eastern North America, this tree has largely disappeared from landscape use due to mass mortality from Dutch elm disease.