Trillium spp.

trillium, wakerobin


Synonyms:  Trillium underwoodii, Trillium decipiens, Trillium lancifolium, Trillium maculatum

Use this link to get more info about this plant from the USF Institute for Systematic Botany

Plant Specifics

Form: flower
Life Span: long-lived perennial
Size: Height: .5-1.5 ft    Width: .5-.8 ft
Flower Color: flower color   flower color   flower color      red,green,brown
Phenology: winter dormant
Noted for: Showy flowers, interesting foliage


Recommended Uses: Late winter/early spring ephemeral wildflower. Retain and treasure if they occur on your site. Plant as a groundcover in a shady spot--but do not transplant from any place in the wild unless it is threatened by destruction.
Propagation: Division of clumps of bulbs.
Availability: Friends
Light: light requirement   light requirement  
Moisture Tolerance:
Salt Tolerance: Not salt tolerant
Soil or other substrate: Sand, loam
Soil pH Range: acidic


Native Habitats: Mesic sites. Slope forests and bluffs.

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range in Florida

USDA Zones:

USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures

Suitable to grow in:

Other Comments:

These species have a cold requirement. They should not be planted south of their native ranges. Flower color varies from dark maroon to mixtures of green and brown. All trilliums are at least moderately rare in Florida; some are very rare. Please do not harvest from the wild.