Tilia americana

basswood, American linden, bee tree


Synonyms:  Tilia caroliniana, Tilia heterophylla

wildlife plant  


FNPS provides this link to assist users in finding sources for native plants. In doing so, FNPS is not attesting to the accuracy of any information on the FANN webite. Some members of FANN may provide services that do not further the FNPS mission, and this link should not be considered to be an endorsement of any specific nursery, services that it provides that do not support the FNPS mission, or the quality of its products or services.


Use this link to get more info about this plant from the USF Institute for Systematic Botany

Plant Specifics

Form: tree
Life Span: long-lived perennial
Size: Height: 60-80 ft    Width: 40-60 ft
Flower Color: flower color   flower color   flower color      white,yellow,green
Fruit Color: fruit color      brown
Phenology: deciduous
Noted for: Fall color, interesting foliage


Recommended Uses: Shade tree for mid-moisture sites.
Considerations: Dense shade produced by this tree will limit what can be grown under it.
Propagation: Seed. Can also be managed as a coppice plant.
Availability: Native nurseries, FNPS plant sales, Seed
Light: light requirement   light requirement  
Moisture Tolerance:
Salt Tolerance: Not salt tolerant
Soil or other substrate: Sand, clay, loam


wildlife plant  
Seeds eaten by a variety of small mammals, especially rodents. Flowers fragrant and attractive to insects, especially bees.
Native Habitats: Mesic forests.

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range in Florida

USDA Zones:

USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures

Suitable to grow in:


Has been used for lumber/furniture wood. Known as a good honey plant.

Other Comments:

Tilia americana var. caroliniana and T. americana var. heterophylla both occur in Florida. Their cultural requirements and appearance are similar.