Taxodium distichum

bald cypress


wildlife plant   wildlife plant   wildlife plant

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Use this link to get more info about this plant from the USF Institute for Systematic Botany

Plant Specifics

Form: tree
Life Span: long-lived perennial
Size: Height: 50 - 75 ft    Width: 30-45 ft
Fruit Color: fruit color      brown
Phenology: deciduous
Noted for: Hurricane wind resistance, fall color, interesting foliage


Recommended Uses: Can be used as a specimen tree, planted in floodplain areas, or planted in relatively moist uplands. Tolerant of root disturbance, so a candidate for use as a street/parking lot tree.
Considerations: Can produce knees even if grown in uplands.
Propagation: Can be grown from seed. Requires moist but not inundated sites for germination and early growth. Requires flooding for seed dispersal.
Availability: Quality nurseries, Native nurseries, FNPS plant sales, Specialty providers, Seed
Light: light requirement   light requirement  
Moisture Tolerance:
Salt Tolerance: Moderately salt tolerant
Soil or other substrate: Sand, clay, loam, organic material (muck)
Soil pH Range: Neutral to acidic


wildlife plant   wildlife plant   wildlife plant  
Attracts seed-eating birds. Valuable as roosting and nesting areas for colonial wading birds. Larval host for baldcypress sphinx (Isoparce cupressi) moth.
Native Habitats: Riverine swamps, large swamps around lakes. Inundated areas associated with some form of flowing water. Floodplains, sloughs, strands. May be associated with a longer fire return interval than T. ascendens.

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range in Florida

USDA Zones:

USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures

Suitable to grow in:


Old trees were exceeding valuable as a source of wood that was rot resistant. Younger trees with little heartwood do not share this characteristic.

Other Comments:

Younger specimens have a conical shape, but older trees tend to flatten out at the top. In some areas, the strangler fig (Ficus aurea)has strangled many mature bald cypress trees--The Corkscrew Swamp is an example of this.