Swietenia mahagoni

West Indian mahogany


wildlife plant  


FNPS provides this link to assist users in finding sources for native plants. In doing so, FNPS is not attesting to the accuracy of any information on the FANN webite. Some members of FANN may provide services that do not further the FNPS mission, and this link should not be considered to be an endorsement of any specific nursery, services that it provides that do not support the FNPS mission, or the quality of its products or services.


Use this link to get more info about this plant from the USF Institute for Systematic Botany

Plant Specifics

Form: tree
Life Span: long-lived perennial
Size: Height: 30-70 ft    Width: 20-60 ft
Flower Color: flower color      green
Fruit Color: fruit color      brown
Phenology: evergreen
Noted for: Showy fruits, aroma, fragrance, hurricane wind resistance, interesting foliage


Recommended Uses: Street tree. Yard and park shade tree.
Propagation: Seed.
Availability: Quality nurseries, Native nurseries, Seed
Light: light requirement  
Moisture Tolerance:
Salt Tolerance: Moderately salt tolerant
Soil or other substrate: Sand, clay, loam, lime rock
Soil pH Range: Calcareous (high pH)


wildlife plant  
Attracts a diverse community of small butterflies and moths. Many species of ants, thrips, small beetles, flies, bees, and wasps also visit flowers, many of these feeding on the basal nectary.
Native Habitats: Tropical rockland hammock, coastal hammocks.

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range in Florida

USDA Zones:

USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures

Suitable to grow in:


This is the original source of commercial mahogany, now replaced by Honduras mahogany (S. macrophylla). It was heavily logged in South Florida prior to the 1900s and is listed as threatened in Florida.

Other Comments:

In South Florida, this is the only host of the critically imperiled mahogany mistletoe (Phoradendron rubrum).