Spartina alterniflora

saltmarsh cordgrass, smooth cordgrass

Poaceae (Gramineae)

wildlife plant   wildlife plant   wildlife plant

Use this link to get more info about this plant from the USF Institute for Systematic Botany

Plant Specifics

Form: grass
Life Span: long-lived perennial
Size: Height: 2-6 ft
Flower Color: flower color      yellow
Phenology: evergreen
Noted for: Interesting foliage


Recommended Uses: Used for shoreline protection. A major saltmarsh plant. Useful for erosion control.
Propagation: Division or seed.
Light: light requirement  
Moisture Tolerance:
Salt Tolerance: Highly salt tolerant
Soil or other substrate: Sand, loam


wildlife plant   wildlife plant   wildlife plant  
Larval food for Louisiana eyed silkmoth (Automeris louisiana) Birds and other animals eat the seeds.
Native Habitats: Salt marsh, tidal flats, beaches.

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range in Florida

USDA Zones:

USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures

Suitable to grow in: