Salix nigra

black willow


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Use this link to get more info about this plant from the USF Institute for Systematic Botany

Plant Specifics

Form: tree
Life Span: long-lived perennial
Size: Height: To 60 ft    Width: 30-40 ft
Phenology: deciduous
Noted for: Showy flowers, interesting foliage


Recommended Uses: Plant along streams or in informal landscape settings along ponds or canals.
Considerations: Weak wood--tends to break.
Propagation: Seeds and stem cuttings.
Availability: Quality nurseries, Native nurseries
Light: light requirement  
Moisture Tolerance:
Salt Tolerance: Not salt tolerant
Soil or other substrate: Clay, loam, organic material (muck)


Attracts many native pollinators.
Native Habitats: Floodplains.

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range in Florida

USDA Zones:

USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures

Suitable to grow in:


Willow stems have been used for basketry and other woven wood structures such as fences and furniture. Willow sap contains salicylic acid, which is a natural ingredient of aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid).

Other Comments:

While it naturally occurs in or near wetlands, this tree can also grow in uplands. Stems root readily and most of the stems stuck in a moist substrate will survive without any further care. Is often used in stream bank restoration.