Quercus phellos

willow oak


wildlife plant   wildlife plant   wildlife plant  


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Use this link to get more info about this plant from the USF Institute for Systematic Botany

Plant Specifics

Form: tree
Life Span: long-lived perennial
Size: Height: 60(40) -75 ft    Width: 40-50 ft
Fruit Color: fruit color      brown
Phenology: deciduous
Noted for: Hurricane wind resistance, fall color


Recommended Uses: Shade tree. The root system is fibrous making it suitable for situations where the roots may get somewhat abused such as street plantings and parking lot islands.
Considerations: Fallen/falling acorns may be an issue.
Propagation: Seed.
Availability: Native nurseries
Light: light requirement   light requirement  
Moisture Tolerance:
Salt Tolerance: Moderately salt tolerant
Soil or other substrate: Clay, loam


wildlife plant   wildlife plant   wildlife plant  
  • Host plant for the Banded Hairstreak, Edward's Hairstreak, Gray Hairstreak, White-M Hairstreak, Horace's Duskywing, Juvenal's Duskywing butterflies and many moths
  • Acorns are eaten by woodpeckers, songbirds, ducks, small mammals, wild turkeys, white-tailed deer, quail and black bears
  • Provides cover and nesting areas for birds and squirrels
    Native Habitats: Floodplains, hardwood swamp borders.

    Distribution and Planting Zones

    Natural Range in Florida

    USDA Zones:

    USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures

    Suitable to grow in:

    Other Comments:

    The range of this tree barely makes it into north Florida. It is much more common in the remainder of the southeast.
    Citations: Thank you to the North Carolina Extension Service for information on the root system, wildlife usage and salinity tolerance (https://plants.ces.ncsu.edu/plants/all/quercus-phellos/)