Quercus nigra

water oak


wildlife plant   wildlife plant   wildlife plant  


Use this link to get more info about this plant from the USF Institute for Systematic Botany

Plant Specifics

Form: tree
Life Span: long-lived perennial
Size: Height: 50-80 ft    Width: 20-50 ft
Fruit Color: fruit color      brown
Phenology: deciduous


Recommended Uses: Shade tree. Semi-evergreen with leaves falling just before new leaves emerge.
Considerations: Acorns can be a maintenance problem.
Propagation: Seed
Availability: Seed
Light: light requirement   light requirement  
Moisture Tolerance:
Salt Tolerance: Not salt tolerant
Soil or other substrate: Sand, loam


wildlife plant   wildlife plant   wildlife plant  
    Provides cover for and nesting areas for birds and squirrels
  • Larval host plant for Horace's dusky wing (Erynnis horactius), red-banded hairstreak (Calycopis cecrops) and white-M hairstreak (Parrhasius m-album) butterflies
  • The acorns are used by squirrels, turkeys, and deer
Native Habitats: Floodplains, seep slopes, mesic secondary woods. May invade flatwoods if there is fire exclusion.

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range in Florida

USDA Zones:

USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures

Suitable to grow in:

Other Comments:

Relatively short-lived relative to most oaks (70-100 yrs), but it is tolerant of a wide variety of soils and habitats.