Passiflora incarnata

passion vine, maypop, purple passion flower


wildlife plant   wildlife plant   wildlife plant

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Use this link to get more info about this plant from the USF Institute for Systematic Botany

Plant Specifics

Form: vine
Life Span: short-lived perennial
Size: Height: .25 to .75 ft    Width: 5.0 to 12.0 ft
Flower Color: flower color   flower color      blue,purple
Fruit Color: fruit color   fruit color      yellow,green
Phenology: deciduous,winter dormant
Noted for: Showy flowers, showy fruits, interesting foliage


Recommended Uses: Given the proper support this plant makes an excellent climbing vine hedge.
Considerations: This plant spreads using stoloniferous rhizome just beneath the ground surface. In areas with loose sand or mulch it can spread like wildflower sprouting up at some distance away from the mother plant. Its ability to climb using tendrils can make it a problem for slow growing bushes.
Propagation: Once the egg-like fruit has dried and shriveled the fruit (maypop) can be cut open revealing brown seeds. It is best to plant the seeds immediately after removing the pulp surrounding them. Passion vine can also be grown from cuttings - make sure and keep moist till established. Sprouts can be transplanted.
Availability: Native nurseries, FNPS plant sales, Seed
Light: light requirement   light requirement  
Moisture Tolerance:
Salt Tolerance: Moderately salt tolerant
Soil or other substrate: Sand, clay
Soil pH Range: 6.1 to 7.8


wildlife plant   wildlife plant   wildlife plant  
Purple passionflower is larval host plant for numerous butterfly species, including Gulf Fritillary, (Agraulis vanillae), and Zebra Longwing (Heliconius charithonia), the state butterfly of Florida. It also is host to the Crimson Patch Longwing (Heliconius erato), Red-banded hairstreak (Calycopis cecrops)and Julia Heliconian (Dryas iulia) butterflies. The young tendrils of purple passion vine are eaten by wild turkey.
Native Habitats: Disturbed, brushy areas or disturbed upland hardwood forest, sandhill and scrub.

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range in Florida

USDA Zones:

USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures

Suitable to grow in:


The Cherokee used a compound infusion of the root to treat boils. They also gave an infusion of root to babies to aid in weaning, and a warm infusion of beaten root dropped into the ear for earache. The Cherokee used parboiled leaves and the fruit as a food source.

Other Comments:

The name 'passion' is a reference to the crucifixion of Jesus of Nazareth. Parts of the flower are said to resemble instruments used during the crucifixion.