Magnolia virginiana

sweet-bay magnolia


wildlife plant   wildlife plant   wildlife plant   wildlife plant

FNPS provides this link to assist users in finding sources for native plants. In doing so, FNPS is not attesting to the accuracy of any information on the FANN webite. Some members of FANN may provide services that do not further the FNPS mission, and this link should not be considered to be an endorsement of any specific nursery, services that it provides that do not support the FNPS mission, or the quality of its products or services.

Use this link to get more info about this plant from the USF Institute for Systematic Botany

Plant Specifics

Form: tree
Life Span: long-lived perennial
Size: Height: 40 (60) ft
Flower Color: flower color      white
Fruit Color: fruit color   fruit color      red,brown
Phenology: evergreen
Noted for: Showy flowers, hurricane wind resistance, interesting foliage


Recommended Uses: Specimen plant in moist areas. Wetland tree.
Considerations: Clonal: will send up suckers in some situations.
Availability: Quality nurseries, Native nurseries, FNPS plant sales, Seed
Light: light requirement   light requirement  
Moisture Tolerance:
Salt Tolerance: Moderately salt tolerant
Soil or other substrate: Sand, loam, organic material (muck)
Soil pH Range: Acidic


wildlife plant   wildlife plant   wildlife plant   wildlife plant  
Larval host for eastern tiger swallowtail butterflies. Seeds are eaten by woodpeckers, kingbirds, red-eyed vireos, mockingbirds, robins, thrushes, crows, cardinals, squirrels, mice among others. Deer browse leaves and twigs.
Native Habitats: Bay swamp, forested seep slopes, floodplains of small streams.

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range in Florida

USDA Zones:

USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures

Suitable to grow in:

Other Comments:

The silvery undersides of the leaves are striking. Erroneously listed as a host for palamedes swallowtail butterflies. Palamedes swallowtails only feed on native members of the genus Persea.