Fagus grandifolia

American beech


Synonyms:  Fagus americana

wildlife plant   wildlife plant   wildlife plant  


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Use this link to get more info about this plant from the USF Institute for Systematic Botany

Plant Specifics

Form: tree
Life Span: long-lived perennial
Size: Height: 40-80 (100) ft    Width: to 40 ft
Fruit Color: fruit color      brown
Phenology: deciduous
Noted for: Fall color, interesting foliage, interesting bark


Recommended Uses: Shade tree. It is known for its smooth light gray bark. Its leaves turn yellow and then light brown remaining on the tree until nearly spring and providing interest to the winter landscape. If you are privileged to have this tree in the landscape, retain and protect it.
Considerations: This is a large tree that will produce dense shade and many root suckers. Take this into consideration when deciding where to plant it. Slow growing.
Propagation: Seed.
Availability: Quality nurseries, Native nurseries, FNPS plant sales
Light: light requirement   light requirement   light requirement  
Moisture Tolerance:
Salt Tolerance: Not salt tolerant
Soil or other substrate: Sand, clay, loam
Soil pH Range: acidic


wildlife plant   wildlife plant   wildlife plant  
Fruits (a nut in a bur) are valued by wildlife. Larval host for walnut sphinx (Amorpha juglandis).
Native Habitats: Upland, mesic to dry mesic hardwood forests.

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range in Florida

USDA Zones:

USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures

Suitable to grow in: