Life Span: long-lived perennial
Size: Height: 35 - 60 (100) ft Width: 15 - 35 ft
Noted for: Showy fruits, hurricane wind resistance, fall color
Recommended Uses: Typically grown for its fruit. Plant in full sun. Also useful as an early successional tree in old field restoration.
Considerations: Tent caterpillars can be an aesthetic issue and fruit drop can be messy.
Persimmons are dioecious, so if you wish to have fruit, make sure that you have both male and female trees in the neighborhood.
Propagation: Seed. Fast growing.
Availability: Native nurseries, FNPS plant sales, Seed
Salt Tolerance: Not salt tolerant
Soil or other substrate: Sand, clay, loam
Soil pH Range: adaptable
Flowers are insect pollinated. Fruits are used by a broad array of small mammals and some birds.
Larval host for royal walnut moth (Citheronia regalis), pecan carpenterworm moth (Cossula magnifica), pin-striped slug moth (Monoleuca semifascia), Wittfeld's forester (Alypia wittfeldii), hag moth (Phobetron pithecium), and luna moth (Actias luna).
Native Habitats: Dry-moist-wet sites. Disturbed sites, wetland edges, old fields, sandhill.
Distribution and Planting Zones
USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures
Suitable to grow in:
Ethnobotany: Fruits are edible after ripening. Prior to being ripe, they are extremely astringent. Native Americans used the fruits to make bread, and also used them dried. Cooking oil can be extracted from the seeds. Confederate soldiers boiled persimmon seeds as a coffee
substitute during the Civil War.
Other Comments: Persimmon wood is very hard and nearly black--it's in the ebony family.