Crataegus phaenopyrum

Washington hawthorn


wildlife plant   wildlife plant   wildlife plant   wildlife plant

Use this link to get more info about this plant from the USF Institute for Systematic Botany

Plant Specifics

Form: tree
Life Span: long-lived perennial
Size: Height: 25-35 ft    Width: 20-25 ft
Flower Color: flower color      white
Fruit Color: fruit color      red
Noted for: Showy flowers, showy fruits, thorns, fall color


Recommended Uses: Specimen plant, screen, or can be pruned into a hedge. Fall color is orange-red and moderately showy in regions with adequate cold.
Considerations: Has thorns.
Propagation: Seed. Unlikely to breed true. Does best in moist, fertile soil.
Availability: Seed
Light: light requirement   light requirement  
Moisture Tolerance:
Salt Tolerance: Not salt tolerant
Soil or other substrate: Sand, loam
Soil pH Range: Adaptable


wildlife plant   wildlife plant   wildlife plant   wildlife plant  
Attracts pollinators, especially important for native bees. Birds and other wildlife consume the fruit. Larval food for hummingbird clearwing moth(Hemaris thysbe), striped hairstreak butterfly(Satyrium liparops), and blinded sphinx moth (Paonias excaecata).
Native Habitats: Floodplain forests and swamps.

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range in Florida

USDA Zones:

USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures

Suitable to grow in: