Clusia rosea

pitch-apple, autograph tree


wildlife plant   wildlife plant

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Use this link to get more info about this plant from the USF Institute for Systematic Botany

Plant Specifics

Form: tree
Life Span: long-lived perennial
Size: Height: 25-50 ft
Flower Color: flower color   flower color      white,pink
Fruit Color: fruit color   fruit color      orange,green
Phenology: evergreen
Noted for: Showy flowers, showy fruits, hurricane wind resistance, interesting foliage


Recommended Uses: Specimen tree. Flowers are open at night.
Considerations: Easily spread by birds so it can become somewhat of a pest.
Propagation: Seed.
Availability: Native nurseries
Light: light requirement   light requirement  
Moisture Tolerance:
Salt Tolerance: Highly salt tolerant
Soil or other substrate: Sand, lime rock
Soil pH Range: Calcareous


wildlife plant   wildlife plant  
Birds and other wildflowers consume fruit.
Native Habitats: Cultivated. According to Wunderlin (1998), probably native, but may not exist outside of cultivation today. Xeric and dry mesic hammocks, scrub.

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range in Florida

USDA Zones:

USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures

Suitable to grow in:


The black material surrounding these seeds was once used to caulk the seams of boats leading to the name pitch apple. The leathery leaves can be scratched with the scratches remaining on the leaves until they fall -- thus autograph tree.

Other Comments:

This Florida native has been introduced into Hawaii where it is extremely invasive. In fact, it has earned the distinction of being listed in the Global Compendium of Weeds.