Carpinus caroliniana

musclewood, hornbeam, blue-beech


wildlife plant   wildlife plant   wildlife plant

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Use this link to get more info about this plant from the USF Institute for Systematic Botany

Plant Specifics

Form: tree
Life Span: long-lived perennial
Size: Height: to 30 ft    Width: 15-25 ft
Flower Color: flower color      yellow
Fruit Color: fruit color   fruit color      green,brown
Phenology: deciduous
Noted for: Fall color, interesting foliage, interesting bark


Recommended Uses: Retain if in the landscape. Can be used as a specimen plant in areas not subject to root disturbance.
Considerations: Said to be difficult to transplant as it does not tolerate root disturbance. Grows slowly.
Propagation: Seed.
Availability: Native nurseries, Seed
Light: light requirement   light requirement  
Moisture Tolerance:
Salt Tolerance: Not salt tolerant
Soil or other substrate: Sand, clay, loam
Soil pH Range: acidic to neutral


wildlife plant   wildlife plant   wildlife plant  
Larval plant for tiger swallowtail (Papilio glaucus), striped hairstreak (Satyrium liparops), and red-spotted purple or white admiral (Limenitis arthemis) butterflies. Birds and other wildlife eat the seeds.
Native Habitats: river floodplains

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range in Florida

USDA Zones:

USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures

Suitable to grow in:


Very hard wood.