Betula nigra

river birch


wildlife plant   wildlife plant

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Use this link to get more info about this plant from the USF Institute for Systematic Botany

Plant Specifics

Form: tree
Life Span: long-lived perennial
Size: Height: 50-80 ft    Width: to 40 ft
Flower Color: flower color      green,NA
Phenology: deciduous
Noted for: Hurricane wind resistance, fall color, interesting bark


Recommended Uses: Specimen plant located where the salmon-colored shaggy bark can be seen. Use for shoreline erosion control. Has been used for mine reclamation due to its tolerance of acidic soils.
Considerations: Although native to floodplains, it is not tolerant of extended periods of flooding.
Propagation: Seed. Naturally transported by wind and water.
Availability: Quality nurseries, Native nurseries
Light: light requirement   light requirement  
Moisture Tolerance:
Salt Tolerance: Not salt tolerant
Soil or other substrate: Sand, clay, loam
Soil pH Range: Acidic to neutral


wildlife plant   wildlife plant  
Birds ad other wildlife consume seed.
Native Habitats: River floodplains

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range in Florida

USDA Zones:

USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures

Suitable to grow in:


Cut as pulpwood. Has been used for cabinetry where fine or strong wood is not needed.

Other Comments:

Noted for its shaggy, peeling salmon-colored bark. The natural form is a single-trunked tree, but multi-trunked cultivars are common. Southernmost birch in the US.