Avicennia germinans

black mangrove


wildlife plant  


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Use this link to get more info about this plant from the USF Institute for Systematic Botany

Plant Specifics

Form: tree
Life Span: long-lived perennial
Size: Height: 15 to 40 (60) ft    Width: 10 to 30 ft
Flower Color: flower color      white
Fruit Color: fruit color      green
Phenology: evergreen
Noted for: Hurricane wind resistance


Recommended Uses: Valued as a shoreline stabilization plant. Can also be used for screening.
Propagation: Seed, but more often by propagule, which form while still attached to the mother plant.
Availability: Native nurseries
Light: light requirement  
Moisture Tolerance:
Salt Tolerance: Highly salt tolerant
Soil or other substrate: Sand


wildlife plant  
Larval host for mangrove buckeye (Junonia evarete) butterfly. Nectar plant for a variety of pollinators including the great southern white (Ascia monuste) butterfly. Provides good cover for birds and other wildlife.
Native Habitats: Coastal mangrove wetlands, usually somewhat upland of the red mangrove(Rhizophora mangle) when found together.

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range in Florida

USDA Zones:

USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures

Suitable to grow in:

Other Comments:

The common name black mangrove is a reference to the color of the trunk and heartwood. The plant excretes salt from its leaves, an adaptation to a saline environment. Pneumataphores rise above the substrate and make this an important plant for coastline erosion prevention. This is a protected plant and you may not trim back or gather propagules without permission.