Achillea millefolium

common yarrow

Asteraceae (Compositae)

wildlife plant   wildlife plant   wildlife plant

Use this link to get more info about this plant from the USF Institute for Systematic Botany

Plant Specifics

Form: flower
Life Span: short-lived perennial
Size: Height: to 3 ft    Width: to 1 ft
Flower Color: flower color      white
Fruit Color: fruit color      brown
Phenology: evergreen
Noted for: Showy flowers, interesting foliage


Recommended Uses: Informal plantings, especially butterfly gardens. Useful for erosion control.
Considerations: In Florida, basal leaves are typically visible during the winter.
Propagation: Seed. Clumps of roots can be divided.
Availability: Seed
Light: light requirement   light requirement  
Moisture Tolerance:
Salt Tolerance: Moderately salt tolerant
Soil or other substrate: Sand, clay, loam
Soil pH Range: Broadly tolerant


wildlife plant   wildlife plant   wildlife plant  
Several cavity-nesting birds use yarrow to line their nests. Adding yarrow to nests may inhibit the growth of parasites. Attracts bees, birds, butterflies. Larval host for Painted Lady butterfly (Vanessa cardui).
Native Habitats: Ruderal.

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range in Florida

USDA Zones:

USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures

Suitable to grow in:


Once used as a food; very popular as a vegetable in the seventeenth century. The younger leaves are said to be a pleasant leaf vegetable when cooked as spinach, or in a soup. Leaves can also be dried and used as a herb in cooking.

Other Comments:

Can be grown as a groundcover.